General Economic History by Max WeberThis book, the last work of the great German sociologist and historian Max Weber (1864–1920), is based on a series of lectures he delivered in 1919–20. The present volume brings together major ideas that explain economic life and change. Beginning with descriptions and analyses of the early agrarian systems, Part One takes the reader through the manorial system, the guilds, and early capitalism as developed on plantations and other estates. Part Two considers the economic organization of industry and mining, while Part Three discusses the development of commerce, technical requisites for transporting goods, and banking systems. The last section surveys, among other topics, the evolution of capitalism and the capitalistic spirit. It also includes Webers famous discussion of the relationship of religion to the cultural history of capitalism. This excellent English-language version of a work renowned for its interpretive brilliance, is intended for students of the social sciences as well as general readers.
Weber and class
General Economic History by Max Weber
The paths which lead from Max Weber to modern economics have therefore rarely been recognized. His economic research topic can be phrased as following: Why did rational capitalism with its dynamic growth, rational political power and complex organization of enterprises only emerge in the Western civilization? He also looked at the dynamic explanation of how technical change, structural change and income growth fostered capitalistic development. It is important to know, however, that for Weber e, p. His basic institutional argument is that long-term economic growth was not only the result of a conjuncture of varied growth-stimulating factors, but, even more importantly, the consequence of removing the constraints from growth. Most societies throughout history have got stuck in an institutional matrix that did not evolve into the impersonal exchange essential to capturing the productivity gains that came from the specialization and division of labour that have produced the Wealth of Nations.
Juni Such measures painfully reveal the rising importance of unequal citizenships for global mobility. Yet they should also alert us to the larger role that citizenship as an institution plays in constructing and maintaining the idea of a modern West, the integrity of which allegedly needs preserving, protecting, and shielding from the unfathomable non-Western Others. Provincializing the epistemologies behind this understanding is therefore a timely endeavor. Especially due to sociological conceptualizations, citizenship has for a long time been seen as an equalizing mechanism — an institution devised to counterbalance social inequalities by conferring universal rights to all individuals, regardless of particularities of birth such as ethnicity, class, or social origin. In this context, revisiting the role that the classics of sociology have played in promoting a notion of Western modernity heavily linked to both Christianity and citizenship is particularly revealing.
In General Economic History Max Weber focuses on the industrial enterprise for the provision of everyday wants, oriented toward profitability by means of rational capital accounting, as the institutional foundation of modern Western capitalism. This type of enterprise integrates into one institutional complex a constellation of six factors, including: formally free labor; free market trade; appropriation of the physical means of production; rational commercial practices; rational production of technology; and calculable law adjudicated and administered by the state. General Economic History traces the historical development of each of these factors from their informal rational points of origin through the feudal era to their emergence as formal rational elements in the modern capitalist industrial enterprise. The chapters on the history of modern citizenship and the modern rational state are of special significance as otherwise unavailable resources for an integrated view of Weber's work. The new introduction by Ira J. Cohen is an original scholarly work of interest to all who study Max Weber's conception of modern Western capitalism.
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7.2 Understanding Social Action
Max Weber was born on April 21, Max Weber died on June 14, Weber was the eldest son of Max and Helene Weber. The elder Weber established himself as a fixture of the Berlin social milieu and entertained prominent politicians and scholars in the Weber household. Though she gradually accepted a more tolerant theology , her Puritan morality never diminished. He, in turn, adopted a traditionally authoritarian manner at home and demanded absolute obedience from wife and children.
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