Peter the Great: His Life and World by Robert K. MassieAgainst the monumental canvas of seventeenth- and eighteenth-century Europe and Russia, unfolds the magnificent story of Peter the Great, crowned at the age of 10. A barbarous, volatile feudal tsar with a taste for torture; a progressive and enlightened reformer of government and science; a statesman of vision and colossal significance: Peter the Great embodied the greatest strengths and weaknesses of Russia while being at the very forefront of her development.
Robert K. Massie delves deep into the life of this captivating historical figure, chronicling the pivotal events that shaped a boy into a legend - including his incognito travels in Europe, his unquenchable curiosity about Western ways, his obsession with the sea and establishment of the stupendous Russian navy, his creation of an unbeatable army, and his relationships with those he loved most: Catherine, his loving mistress, wife, and successor; and Menshikov, the charming, unscrupulous prince who rose to power through Peters friendship. Impetuous and stubborn, generous and cruel, a man of enormous energy and complexity, Peter the Great is brought fully to life.
Ten Amazing Facts About Peter The Great of Russia
Peter the Great of Russia is a ruler who requires little introduction. Who bored a peephole in his throne room? And what does his horrible bladder have to do with it all? Born in , Peter was just only two generations removed from the founding of the Romanov Dynasty. Peter was born to a second marriage. When would it be time for Peter? Mixed families are complicated, especially when the throne of Russia is involved.
Born in Moscow, Russia on June 9, , Peter the Great was a Russian czar in the late 17th century who is best known for his extensive reforms in an attempt to establish Russia as a great nation. He created a strong navy, reorganized his army according to Western standards, secularized schools, administered greater control over the reactionary Orthodox Church, and introduced new administrative and territorial divisions of the country. Having ruled jointly with his brother Ivan V from , when Ivan died in , Peter was officially declared Sovereign of all Russia. Peter inherited a nation that was severely underdeveloped compared to the culturally prosperous European countries. While the Renaissance and the Reformation swept through Europe, Russia rejected westernization and remained isolated from modernization. During his reign, Peter undertook extensive reforms in an attempt to reestablish Russia as a great nation. Peter overcame opposition from the country's medieval aristocracy and initiated a series of changes that affected all areas of Russian life.
Peter the Great was one of the greatest Tsars. He transformed the country. Peter loved all things western and he wanted to turn his Empire into a western state. Tsar Peter was an autocrat and he tolerated no opposition. He was to greatly expand the Russian Empire and won many battles. He was one of the founders of modern Russia. St Petersburg, the second city fo Russia is named in his honor.
Peter I born , ruled is better known as Peter the Great., Peter the Great ruled the Tsardom of Russia and later the Russian Empire from May 7, , until his death in , jointly ruling before with his elder half brother, Ivan V.
He became co-ruler of Russia at the age of 10 in but it was only after the death of his half-brother Ivan V in that he gained complete control of the Tsardom of Russia and initiated his military campaigns and internal reforms which would expand Russia into a larger empire and make it into one of the leading powers in Europe. Peter the Great is most famous for initiating the modernization of Russia and making it into a major maritime power. He was involved in several wars, most prominently the Azov campaigns against the Ottoman Empire and the Great Northern War against Sweden. Here are 10 interesting facts about the family, life, personality, reign and death of Peter I of Russia. His father Aleksey Mikhailovich, or Alexis I, also had thirteen children from his first marriage with Maria Miloslavskaya. However as Feodor was weak and sickly, the real power was held by the Miloslavsky family. After the death of Feodor in , there was a fierce power struggle between families of the two wives of Alexis I, the Miloslavskys and the Naryshkins.
Through a number of successful wars, he expanded the Tsardom into a much larger empire that became a major European power and also laid the groundwork for the Russian navy after capturing ports at Azov and the Baltic Sea. He led a cultural revolution that replaced some of the traditionalist and medieval social and political systems with ones that were modern, scientific, Westernised and based on the Enlightenment. He is also known for founding and developing the city of Saint Petersburg , which remained the capital of Russia until The imperial title of Peter the Great was the following: . By the grace of God , the most excellent and great sovereign emperor Pyotr Alekseevich the ruler of all the Russias: of Moscow , of Kiev , of Vladimir , of Novgorod , Tsar of Kazan , Tsar of Astrakhan and Tsar of Siberia , sovereign of Pskov , great prince of Smolensk , of Tver , of Yugorsk , of Perm , of Vyatka , of Bulgaria and others, sovereign and great prince of the Novgorod Lower lands, of Chernigov , of Ryazan , of Rostov , of Yaroslavl , of Belozersk , of Udora , of Kondia and the sovereign of all the northern lands, and the sovereign of the Iverian lands , of the Kartlian and Georgian Kings , of the Kabardin lands , of the Circassian and Mountain princes and many other states and lands western and eastern here and there and the successor and sovereign and ruler. Named after the apostle , and described as a newborn as "with good health, his mother 's black, vaguely Tatar eyes, and a tuft of auburn hair",  from an early age Peter's education commissioned by his father, Tsar Alexis of Russia was put in the hands of several tutors, most notably Nikita Zotov , Patrick Gordon , and Paul Menesius.