Betsy Ross and the Making of America by Marla R. MillerNormally when I review a book, I first read the book and write my review, then I read reviews written by other people. In the case of Betsy Ross and the Making of America, my introduction to the book was via a review in the New York Times Book Review dated May 9, 2010. It was not a flattering review. The reviewer, Laurel Thatcher Ulrich, a professor at Harvard, accuses the author, Marla R. Miller, a professor of American History at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, of sentimental fiction which weakens her own historical prose, which is strong enough to stand on its own and defeats the ultimate purpose of her book, which is to rediscover the woman behind the legend. Nevertheless, I was intrigued by the fact that, other than books for children, this is the first biography of Betsy Ross ever written. Intrigued enough to buy and read the book despite the poor review.
By the end of the first chapter, I had forgotten about the scathing review and was completely hooked. I literally couldn’t put the book down. This was American history as I had never read it before. These were real people and real experiences, not the usual dry recitations of politics and battles and tactics. I never liked American history. I felt it was boring compared to the thousands of years of history of Europe and the Mediterranean. Having been forced in high school to memorize every battle and every general of the Revolutionary War, I subsequently tuned out the following 200 years, learning just enough to pass exams while devoting my spare time to Egyptian pharaohs, Roman emperors and English kings who chopped their wives’ heads off. Now that’s history.
It is precisely the sentimental fiction that makes this book interesting to the general reader. Rather than a dry overview of the development of the city of Philadelphia, we see it from the point of view of Betsy’s great-grandfather, a master carpenter. It’s one thing to read about the tactics, such as boycotts, the colonists used to protest what they perceived to be unfair taxation. It’s quite another to read about the effects those boycotts had on the local artisans and merchants. The yellow fever epidemics that killed so many residents of Philadelphia are more meaningful when we learn of the various family members lost. Rather than just numbers, they are people that we have come to know. Small details like the families who were split between loyalty to the king and loyalty to the rebellion, illustrates the upheaval caused by this colonial rebellion much better than the usual political analysis commonly found in books on the American Revolution.
The final criticism in the review with which I disagreed was that the author devoted only 50 pages out of a total of 362 pages to the last 40 years of Betsy’s life, despite the fact that these are the best documented years of her life. I have to admit that after 300 pages, I was pretty much Betsy Ross’ed out. Not only was her life prior to and during the Revolution tumultuous (three husbands and seven daughters), but just trying to keep all the people, many of whom had the same names, straight made my head spin. The author’s decision to gloss over the details of the latter part of Betsy Ross’ life was a sound one. And, in the best Hollywood tradition, leaves room for a sequel, a more in depth analysis of her life after the Revolution, to be written by the author or another historian.
After I finished the book, I went back and read the review again. My second reading of the review led me to the conclusion that the problem lay in the intention of the author. The reviewer was critiquing the book from a scholarly point of view whereas it seemed to me that the author intended her book to be read by both scholars and general readers. Scholars are more interested in facts and conclusions supported by facts. Hence the harsh review. General readers like myself do tend to speculate as we read. What was she thinking? How would I have reacted in this situation? We enjoy seeing events through the eyes and emotions of ordinary people like ourselves rather than from the lofty perspective of presidents, kings and generals.
History & Evolution of the American Flag - Documentary - 1964
Betsy Ross Facts
You may know about the Betsy Ross Flag, but you probably didn't know that Betsy lost two husbands to the war, was kicked out of her church for marrying the wrong guy and was born into a family with 17 children! You will see the Betsy Ross House where she made the flag, the Betsy Ross Signature and find out how to make a 5-pointed star with one snip, a feat she performed for George Washington that helped her get the job of making the first flag of the United States. Learn about all these interesting Betsy Ross Facts and more below. Betsy Ross Facts - Dates of marriages, husbands' names. Betsy Ross married three times, her first two husbands died as a result of the Revolutionary War. Betsy Ross Facts - Children's names, birth order, occupations. Betsy Ross Facts - Interesting personal information.
Though most historians dismiss the story,  Ross family tradition   holds that General George Washington , commander-in-chief of the Continental Army and two members of a congressional committee— Robert Morris and George Ross —visited Mrs. Ross in Ross convinced George Washington to change the shape of the stars in a sketch of a flag he showed her from six-pointed to five-pointed by demonstrating that it was easier and speedier to cut the latter. It appears that the story first surfaced in the writings of her grandson in the s a century after the fact , with no mention or documentation in earlier decades. Ross made flags for the Pennsylvania navy during the American Revolution. Arsenal on the Schuylkill River during Its members included Robert Morris and George Ross.
Whether deserved or not has been the subject of debate for generations. Good historians always demand primary documentation to substantiate their positions on a given fact. In the case of whether or not Betsy Ross did create the first American flag, there is no supporting documentation, just a lot of circumstantial evidence. This article will present overwhelming circumstantial evidence in support of Betsy. He was a Quaker. They had seventeen children, the eighth being Betsy. She was born on January 1st,
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The Legend of Betsy Ross
Andrew was successful at his trade., Betsy Ross, a fourth-generation American born in in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, apprenticed with an upholsterer before irrevocably splitting with her family to marry outside the Quaker religion. She and her husband John Ross started their own upholstery business.
Though that story is likely apocryphal, Ross is known to have sewn flags during the Revolutionary War. Elizabeth Griscom was born on January 1, , in the bustling colonial city of Philadelphia. She was the eighth of 17 children. The daughter of generations of craftsman her father was a house carpenter , young Betsy attended a Quaker school and was then apprenticed to William Webster, an upholsterer. The Rosses started their own upholstery shop, and John joined the militia. He died after barely two years of marriage. In the summer of or possibly Betsy Ross, newly widowed, is said to have received a visit from General George Washington regarding a design for a flag for the new nation.