The Chief: The Life of William Randolph Hearst by David NasawDavid Nasaws magnificent, definitive biography of William Randolph Hearst is based on newly released private and business papers and interviews. For the first time, documentation of Hearsts interactions with Hitler, Mussolini, Churchill, and every American president from Grover Cleveland to Franklin Roosevelt, as well as with movie giants Louis B. Mayer, Jack Warner, and Irving Thalberg, completes the picture of this colossal American. Hearst, known to his staff as the Chief, was a man of prodigious appetites. By the 1930s, he controlled the largest publishing empire in the country, including twenty-eight newspapers, the Cosmopolitan Picture Studio, radio stations, and thirteen magazines. As the first practitioner of what is now known as synergy, Hearst used his media stronghold to achieve political power unprecedented in the industry. Americans followed his metamorphosis from populist to fierce opponent of Roosevelt and the New Deal, from citizen to congressman, and we are still fascinated today by the man characterized in the film classic CITIZEN KANE. In Nasaws portrait, questions about Hearsts relationships are addressed, including those about his mistress in his Harvard days, who lived with him for ten years; his legal wife, Millicent, a former showgirl and the mother of his five sons; and Marion Davies, his companion until death. Recently discovered correspondence with the architect of Hearsts world-famous estate, San Simeon, is augmented by taped interviews with the people who worked there and witnessed Hearsts extravagant entertaining, shedding light on the private life of a very public man.
William Randolph Hearst and J. Paul Getty: Collectors of Antiquities
Hearst, William Randolph
Publishing magnate William Randolph Hearst built his media empire after inheriting the San Francisco Examiner from his father. House of Representatives but failing in his bids to become U. He lost much of his holdings during the Great Depression and fell out of touch with his blue-collar audience, but still headed the largest news conglomerate in America at the time of his death. George Hearst, a mining millionaire and U. He then challenged Pulitzer by buying the New York Journal. His papers favored labor unions, progressive taxation, and municipal ownership of utilities.
For almost half a century William Randolph Hearst was the American publisher, editor, and proprietor business owner of the most extensive journalistic empire ever assembled by one man. His personality and use of wealth permanently left a mark on American media. He received the best education that his multimillionaire father and his sophisticated schoolteacher mother more than twenty years her husband's junior could buy—private tutors, private schools, grand tours of Europe, and Harvard College. Hearst's father had been a keen geologist student of the earth's history as recorded in rocks and lucky gold miner during the Gold Rush. As William Randolph Hearst. Courtesy of the Library of Congress. To help him politically, he purchased the then failing San Francisco Examiner.
William Randolph Hearst, the man who conceived Hearst Castle, was a media genius whose influence extended to publishing, politics, Hollywood, the art world and everyday American life. His power and vision allowed him to pursue one of the most ambitious architectural endeavors in American history, the result of which can be seen in magnificent grounds and structures of Hearst Castle. His father, a wealthy man as a result of relentless work and creativity in his various mining interests, allowed young William the opportunity to see and experience the world as few do. At the age of ten Hearst toured Europe with his mother. Inspiration rose from the grandeur and scale of castles, art and history. Back in the United States, Hearst was enrolled in St.
William Randolph Hearst Sr. His flamboyant methods of yellow journalism influenced the nation's popular media by emphasizing sensationalism and human interest stories. Hearst entered the publishing business in with Mitchell Trubitt after being given control of The San Francisco Examiner by his wealthy father. Hearst sold papers by printing giant headlines over lurid stories featuring crime, corruption, sex, and innuendo. Acquiring more newspapers, Hearst created a chain that numbered nearly 30 papers in major American cities at its peak. He later expanded to magazines, creating the largest newspaper and magazine business in the world. Hearst controlled the editorial positions and coverage of political news in all his papers and magazines, and thereby often published his personal views.