Winter King: Henry VII and the Dawn of Tudor England by Thomas PennIt was 1501. England had been ravaged for decades by conspiracy, violence, murders, coups and countercoups. Through luck, guile and ruthlessness, Henry VII, the first of the Tudor kings, had clambered to the top of the heap--a fugitive with a flimsy claim to Englands throne. For many he remained a usurper, a false king.
But Henry had a crucial asset: his queen and their children, the living embodiment of his hoped-for dynasty. Queen Elizabeth was a member of the House of York. Henry himself was from the House of Lancaster, so between them they united the warring parties that had fought the bloody century-long War of the Roses. Now their older son, Arthur, was about to marry a Spanish princess. On a cold November day sixteen-year-old Catherine of Aragon arrived in London for a wedding that would mark a triumphal moment in Henrys reign.
In this remarkable book, Thomas Penn re-creates the story of the tragic, magnetic Henry VII--a controlling, paranoid, avaricious monarch who was entering the most perilous years of his long reign.
Rich with drama and insight, Winter King is an astonishing story of pageantry, treachery, intrigue and incident--and the fraught, dangerous birth of Tudor England.
King Henry VII (1485 - 1509) - 10 Minute History
King Henry VII: Facts About the First Tudor Monarch
He was the first monarch of the House of Tudor. He was the last king of England to win his throne on the field of battle. Henry was successful in restoring the power and stability of the English monarchy after the civil war. Henry is credited with a number of administrative, economic and diplomatic initiatives. His supportive stance of the British Isles ' wool industry and his standoff with the Low Countries had long-lasting benefits to all of the British economy. He paid very close attention to detail, and instead of spending lavishly he concentrated on raising new revenues. New taxes stabilised the government's finances, although a commission after his death found widespread abuses in the tax collection process.
His mother was the great-granddaughter of John of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster , whose children by Catherine Swynford were born before he married her. As his mother was only 14 when he was born and soon married again, Henry was brought up by his uncle Jasper Tudor, earl of Pembroke. When the Lancastrian cause crashed to disaster at the Battle of Tewkesbury May , Jasper took the boy out of the country and sought refuge in the duchy of Brittany. The house of York then appeared so firmly established that Henry seemed likely to remain in exile for the rest of his life. His first chance came in when his aid was sought to rally Lancastrians in support of the rebellion of Henry Stafford, duke of Buckingham , but that revolt was defeated before Henry could land in England. Claiming the throne by just title of inheritance and by the judgment of God in battle, he was crowned on October 30 and secured parliamentary recognition of his title early in November. Having established his claim to be king in his own right, he married Elizabeth of York on January 18,
Henry VII was king of England from to He was a successful usurper, the founder of the Tudor dynasty, and an accomplished practitioner of Renaissance diplomacy. Born on Jan. The Yorkist victories of brought death to Henry VI and his son, and Henry Tudor became a refugee in Brittany as well as heir to the claims of Lancaster. Henry attempted a Lancastrian uprising in October but was balked by bad weather and Richard's soldiers.
Was he just a thin and austere namesake of his corpuscular and indulgent son, the more famous Henry VIII? After all, few monarchs since William the Conqueror had come from such humble backgrounds.
words to describe margaret thatcher
42. Born in Bloodshed
When the long yellow summer comes and victory comes to us And the spreading of the sails of Brittany, And when the heat comes and when the fever is kindled, There are portents that victory will be given to us. His claim to the English throne by blood was weak. In fact the Beauforts were born outside of wedlock, and later legitimised by Richard II and the Church but barred from inheriting the throne. Henry flew the red dragon of Cadwaladr during his invasion of England, using his Welsh ancestry to gather support and gain safe passage through Wales on his way to meet Richard III at Bosworth. Later the Tudor livery of green and white, still there today, were added to the flag. Elizabeth of York was the ideal Queen consort for Henry, joining the Houses of Lancaster and York and ensuring any of their heirs were directly, legitimately descended from the Plantagenet monarchs. When Elizabeth died in , Henry, who usually refrained from showing any emotion for fear of appearing weak, was inconsolable and refused to allow anyone but his mother near him.
He was nearly captured and handed over to the Edward IV on one occasion, but managed to escape to the court of France — who backed his expedition to England and his bid for the throne. He did not marry Elizabeth until after his coronation, which underlined that he ruled in his own right. However he hoped the marriage would satisfy some of the less extreme Yorkists and lead to their acceptance of a Tudor king. The marriage took place on 18th January at Westminster Abbey. They would go on to have a large family, with 4 children — including the future Henry VIII — surviving to adulthood. Eventually Warbeck was hanged and Warwick was beheaded.