Ring of Fire: An Encyclopedia of the Pacific Rims Earthquakes, Tsunamis, and Volcanoes by Bethany D. Rinard HingaOn March 11, 2011, a magnitude 9.0 earthquake struck off Japans coast, triggering a powerful tsunami. The massive destruction that resulted proved that not even sophisticated, industrialized nations are immune from natures fury. Written to take some of the mystery out of the earths behavior, this encyclopedia chronicles major natural disasters that have occurred around the Pacific Rim, an area nicknamed the Ring of Fire because of the volatile earth that lies above and below.
The encyclopedia offers descriptions of deadly earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and tsunamis through time. The entries provide in-depth information that promotes an understanding of the structure of the earth and earth processes and shares the insights of scientists whose work helps clarify the causes and effects of these cataclysmic events. At the same time, the work examines how the people and cultures of the Pacific Rim view this active part of the earth, how they live with the threat of disaster, and how they have been affected by major events that have occurred. Readers will come away with a holistic view of what is known, how this knowledge was gained, and what its implications may be.
Ring of Fire
Correction: A previous version of a map above incorrectly identified the location of the Ring of Fire. It has been corrected. Chat with us in Facebook Messenger. Find out what's happening in the world as it unfolds. More Videos
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Home to the Majority of the World's Active Volcanoes
The Ring of Fire, also referred to as the Circum-Pacific Belt, is a path along the Pacific Ocean characterized by active volcanoes and frequent earthquakes. Its length is approximately 40, kilometers 24, miles. The abundance of volcanoes and earthquakes along the Ring of Fire is caused by the amount of movement of tectonic plates in the area. Along much of the Ring of Fire, plates overlap at convergent boundaries called subduction zones. That is, the plate that is underneath is pushed down, or subducted, by the plate above.