The Cointelpro Papers: Documents from the FBIs Secret Wars Against Dissent in the United States by Ward ChurchillReaders anxious about civil liberties under George W. Bush will find fodder for fears—and suggestions for activism—in The COINTELPRO Papers. Ward Churchill and Jim Vander Walls expose of Americas political police force, the FBI, reveals the steel fist undergirding compassionate conservatisms velvet glove. Using original FBI memos, the authors provide extensive analysis of the agencys treatment of the left, from the Communist Party in the 1950s to the Central America solidarity movement in the 1980s. The authors new introduction posits likely trajectories for domestic repression.
Ward Churchill is author of From a Native Son. Jim Vander Wall is co-author of Agents of Repression: The FBIs Secret Wars Against the Black Panther Party and the American Indian Movement, with Ward Churchill.
Domestic Spying, Blackmail, And Murder: Inside The FBI’s COINTELPRO
Introduction Activists across the country report increasing government harassment and disruption of their work: -In the Southwest, paid informers infiltrate the church services, Bible classes and support networks of clergy and lay workers giving sanctuary to refugees from El Salvador and Guatamala. License plates on a car spotted fleeing one such office have been traced to the US National Security Agency. These kinds of government tactics violate our fundamental constitutional rights. They make it enormously difficult to sustain grass-roots organizing. They create an atmosphere of fear and distrust which undermines any effort to challenge official policy. But the evidence shows that it actually persisted and that clandestine operations to discredit and disrupt opposition movements have become an institutional feature of national and local government in the US. The first section gives a brief overview of what we know the FBI did in the 60s.
COINTELPRO (–) was a series of covert and, at times, illegal projects conducted by the United States Federal.
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The Online Reference Guide to African American History
Martin Luther King Jr. The program also targeted the Ku Klux Klan in
The U. FBI director J. Edgar Hoover was personally hostile toward King, believing that the civil rights leader was influenced by Communists. Hoover became FBI director in and served until his death in This loosely defined mission formed the heading under which the FBI began to investigate the civil rights movement.
It was covert and often used extralegal means to criminalize various forms of political struggle and derail several social movements, such as those for civil rights and Puerto Rican independence. Tactics included intense surveillance, organizational infiltration, anonymous mailings, and police harassment. A major investigation was launched in by the U. However, millions of pages of documents remain unreleased, and many released documents are heavily censored. Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback.
On December 4th it will be 44 years since a select unit of 14 Chicago Police officers, on special assignment to Cook County State's Attorney Edward Hanrahan, executed a pre-dawn raid on a west side apartment that left Illinois Black Panther Party leaders Fred Hampton and Mark Clark dead, several other young Panthers wounded, and the seven raid survivors arrested on bogus attempted murder charges. The physical evidence soon exposed the claims of a "shootout" that were made by Hanrahan and his men to be blatant lies, and that the murderous reality was that the police fired nearly shots while the Panthers fired but one. Edgar Hoover and the FBI were responsible for the raid, but at that time there was no hard proof and it was dismissed by the media as mere rhetoric. Rap Brown. In Chicago, the first major breakthrough came in when U. At that time I was a young lawyer working with my colleagues at the People's Law Office on a civil rights lawsuit that we had filed on behalf of the Hampton and Clark families and the survivors of the December 4th raid.