The Trials of Phillis Wheatley: Americas First Black Poet and Her Encounters with the Founding Fathers by Henry Louis Gates Jr.The slave Phillis Wheatley literally wrote her way to freedom when, in 1773, she became the first person of African descent to publish a book of poems in the English language. The toast of London, lauded by Europeans as diverse as Voltaire and Gibbon, Wheatley was for a time the most famous black woman in the West. Though Benjamin Franklin received her and George Washington thanked her for poems she dedicated to him, Thomas Jefferson refused to acknowledge her gifts. Religion, indeed, has produced a Phillis Wheatley, he wrote, but it could not produce a poet. In other words, slaves have misery in their lives, and they have souls, but they lack the intellectual and aesthetic endowments required to create literature.In this book based on his 2002 Jefferson Lecture in the Humanities at the Library of Congress, Henry Louis Gates, Jr., explores the pivotal roles that Wheatley and Jefferson have played in shaping the black literary tradition. He brings to life the characters and debates that fermented around Wheatley in her day and illustrates the peculiar history that resulted in Thomas Jeffersons being lauded as a father of the black freedom struggle and Phillis Wheatleys vilification as something of an Uncle Tom. It is a story told with all the lyricism and critical skill that have placed Gates at the forefront of American letters.
Analyzing Phillis Wheatly's 'On Being Brought From Africa to America'.
HUM 112 Quiz 2
Although she was an African slave, Phillis Wheatley was one of the best-known poets in preth century America. Her name was a household word among literate colonists and her achievements a catalyst for the fledgling antislavery movement. But it was the Whitefield elegy that brought Wheatley national renown. Wheatley, ran advertisements for subscribers in Boston newspapers in February When the colonists were apparently unwilling to support literature by an African, she and the Wheatleys turned in frustration to London for a publisher. Wheatley, suffering from a chronic asthma condition and accompanied by Nathaniel, left for London on May 8, More than one-third of her canon is composed of elegies, poems on the deaths of noted persons, friends, or even strangers whose loved ones employed the poet.
Enslaved in Senegal [in a region that is now in Gambia ] at age eight and brought to America on a schooner called the Phillis for which she was apparently named , was purchased by Susannah and John Wheatley, who soon recognized her intellect and facility with language. Susannah Wheatley taught Phillis to read not only English but some Latin. While yet in her teens, Phillis Wheatley became the first African American woman to publish a book of poetry, and the third woman in the American colonies to do so. Wheatley was alive to defend herself during the first controversy in , when she was summoned before an august group of white Bostonians to prove that she had actually composed her poetry , since common thought of the day denied the possibility of intellectual or aesthetic gifts in Africans. The second time Wheatley and her poetry became controversial was during the s, when her blithe and sometimes glorified treatment of slavery was identified as a hindrance to historical truth and to the Civil Rights Movement. Although she remains a controversial figure among African American writers, the significance of her place in American history is uncontested. She remains the matriarch of African American literature, and was certainly the most famous African American woman of her day.
Initially, YWCA opened with a lounge and cafeteria offering cent lunches for working women. From its early history, YWCA organized multi-interest, multi-cultural clubs to for young women and girls in the area. There were clubs for high school girls, young married women, factory workers, domestic workers, and office workers. Built in , the eight-story brick building remains our headquarters today. The Vocational Training Department held classes in millinery, dressmaking, cafeteria work, tearoom management, practical nursing, manicuring and salesmanship.
Wheatley, Phillis —05 December , poet and cultivator of the epistolary writing style , was born in Gambia, Africa, probably along the fertile low lands of the Gambia River. She was enslaved as a child of seven or eight and sold in Boston to John and Susanna Wheatley on 11 July The horrors of the middle passage likely contributed to her persistent trouble with asthma. The Wheatleys apparently named the girl, who had nothing but a piece of dirty carpet to conceal her nakedness, after the slaver, the Phillis , that transported her. The Wheatleys were more kindly toward Phillis than were most slaveowners of the time, permitting her to learn to read. The poet in Wheatley soon began to emerge. She published her first poem on 21 December in the Newport Mercury when she was about twelve.
We promise to never spam you, and just use your email address to identify you as a valid customer. This product hasn't received any reviews yet. Be the first to review this product! Write a review. All prices are in USD.
Why did the eighteenth-century Parisian courtiers lose interest in portraits? How did Voltaire make himself so unpopular with both the French and Prussian courts that he had to retire to the country to avoid imprisonment? According to Jean-Jacques Rousseau, why did people lose the natural goodness with which they were born? Why did English landscape architect Lancelot "Capability" Brown issue yellow-tinted glasses to Stowe gardens' visitors? Why do scholars today doubt parts of Olaudah Equiano's autobiography of his years as a slave? Who inspired Thomas Jefferson's argument for freedom in the Declaration of Independence?